Folk Art of Ukraine

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Folk Art of Ukraine
FOLK ART OF UKRAINE
"Folk Art" Ukrainian magazine
Union of Folk Art Masters of Ukraine
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#11-12 (3-4).2000
pages 28-35
Olena Tselishcheva

FROM PLOUGH TO ART

page 28

FROM PLOUGH TO ART (page 28) The art of decorative primitive is a many-sided event in Ukraine that existed alongside with professional art. Our naive painting is first of all village painting. There were peasants or peasants by birth, who did not break connections with the land and folk trade, that created that kind of art. The art critic Olena Tselishcheva writes that art personalities grew up on this ground, such as Mariya Pryimachenko, Liza Myronova, Anastasiya Rak, Oleksandr Leshchenko, Ivan Novobranets and others. Oleksandr Leshchenko was born in a picturesque village Sokilky in Poltava region. His grandfather made projects of churches, his father created icons, his uncle painted icons. Oleksandr's dream to become an artist became true only after he had passed the war and fascist concentration camps, after 30 years of working as a house painter. Landscape is the main subject of Leshchenko's painting. The artist follows rhythm and scale that he takes from the nature. His nature is alive and inspired, but without any naturalistic dryness. The master creates considerable, solemn image in his genre canvases "Christmas Carols in Ukraine", "Wedding in Ukraine". The world of village life merges with nature, becomes a universal reality, that in its turn becomes a folk ideal for the naive artist. Folk philosophy, kind by its essence, reigns there.



illustrations to be ready
page 30
Serhiy Latanskyi

COSSACK RUSHNYK

(page 30) It is the topic of the art critic Serhiy Latanskyi's narration. The monuments of folk art give us the idea of multifarious decorative and stylistic essence of image-creating thinking of Zaporizhzhia Cossacks. "Malva", the city creative association, was initiated by the member of the Union, honourable teacher of Ukraine Valentyna Khariova. It was there that women from Zaporizhzhia began to master technique of embroidery and composition development. During 1995 - 1996 they were studying the documents on rushnyk origin, its symbolism, regional peculiarities. In 1995 the masters showed citizens of Kyiv their first exhibition in the State Museum of Ukrainian Folk Decorative Art. In 1998 their exhibition in Kyiv lasted successfully from April till June and in 2000 the exhibition took place in the National Union. Svitlana Ihnatchenko was awarded with the prize for revival of traditions at the All-Ukrainian exhibition-contest for her "Cossack" rushnyk. The great-ancestor's symbol - the tree of life - is the basis for embroidery in the 9 of her rushnyk's. The master demonstrated a number of Cossack rushnyk's, folk clothes, table linen. M.Koreneva was awarded with the same prize . All our flowers blaze on the rushnyky of the masters from "Malva" association. Refined technique is used in the great number of them, in particular, in the works of the Head of the Association 0. Artemyeva, Beliayeva, T. Mazur. It is worth mentioning that T. Mazur started the development and systematization of the motives of Zaporizhzhia land, the revival of decorative multiplicity and embroidery technique. She works with youth, conducts classes in Ukrainian embroidery in the National Art Gymnasium. Her pupils have already their own diplomas for their works. The studios "Cossack Trades" in the Zaporizhzhia department of the Research Institute of Cossacks are called to find Cossack traditions and implement them into life.




Pysanky in Gutsul's motives
page 32
Liudmyla Ponomar

HANDMADE MARVEL

Pysanky (painted eggs) are the wonderful will of our ancestors, a part of our folk culture. Special place in the art of pysanky painting belongs to our contemporaries, honourable masters of folk art Oksana Bilous and Zoya Stashuk. The talented masters reproduced and reconstructed the drawings of ancient pysanky, collected in different regions of Ukraine, according to "Discription of the Folk Pysanky Collection" catalogue (the first publication of the catalogue dated from 1889 comprised 2219 drawings of pysanky). They called conditionally their own collection "2000 pysanky from the Museum named after Kateryna Skarzhynska collection". Liudmyla Ponomar, Candidate of Art Sciences, tells the readers about creative researches of the duet Stashuk - Bilous and their courageous work, as the displays from Skarzhynska unique collection were annihilated during the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars. The author gives the portrait of each master, writes about one of their main tasks - to find samples, to study traditional places of pysanky art painting in Ukraine, to protect origin art, in particular ornament, in which some secret information of our ancestors, that hasn't been yet read, is coded.

Copyright © 2004, "Folk Art" Ukraine
National Union of Folk Art Masters of Ukraine
Kiev, Ukraine

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