Folk Art of Ukraine

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Folk Art of Ukraine
FOLK ART OF UKRAINE
"Folk Art" Ukrainian magazine
Union of Folk Art Masters of Ukraine
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#11-12 (3-4).2000
pages 36-42

page 36
Iryna Sviontek

SVIONTEK MEANS HOLIDAY

For Iryna, who has a charming surname Sviontek (Polish), holiday is the art of our people. In her self-portrait narration she tells the readers that she has been fond of embroidery from the 60-th, and from the 70-th she has started thorough studying of embroidery of a great number of regions and villages of Ivano-Frankivsk. Being a medical worker by her education and working as a teacher of surgery in Ivano-Frankivsk medical college, she spent her vacations and days-off travelling around villages and looking near churches for people in beautiful national clothes, national shirts decorated with unique embroidery (vyshyvanka). She copied embroidery into squared paper and made photos both of her countrymen and unique embroidery. She made a detailed list of all characteristics: dialect, local names of threads, used special ethnographical inquirer. She reproduced all unique embroidery on the linen according the principle: vustavka (embroidery on sleeve), bosom, duda (gland). In this way she fixed about a thousand samples for descendants . Iryna Sviontek had a number of exhibitions in Prykarpattia region. In 2000 citizens of Kyiv saw her works at the All-Ukrainian Exhibition 2000.



illustrations to be ready
page 38
VasyI Shcherbak

STRENGTH OF MIND

Hanna Shabatura was born in the first year of the First World War in Ternopil region. She began painting after her only daughter, the artist Stefaniya Shabatura, was accused by totalitarian power for long years in prison in 1972. That accusation was in fact made for strengthening and glorifying of folk traditions in her works. It turned out as if the mother changed her daughter in art field. VasyI Shcherbak writes how the pictures of village life poeticized from the point of view of classical folk art appeared to Hanna Shabatura. There are also the works the subject of which is HULAH (the camp for political prisoners at the time of the Soviet Union). In 1999 and the year that followed the 85-year-old master gained the possibility to show her creative works the wide community, at first in Lviv and later twice in Kyiv. In December 2000 she was awarded with the prize of Kateryna Bilokur. The main subjects of the master's works are strengthening of the idea of impossibility to annihilate folk traditions, people's strength of mind, as well as poeticized narration about the past of Ukrainians and the nature of the land. The antipole is a series of Mordovia landscapes where the spirit of checkpoint, the style of black carrion-crows reign. But above all there is a hope that people's spirit will rise in young generations. The spirit is not annihilated as well as its bearer - people.



illustrations to be ready
page 41
Olesia Nesterkova

RUSHNYK GARDENS

Olesia Nesterkova, Head of the department of the State Museum of Ukrainian Folk Decorative Art, and her colleague Kyrylo Kysliakov tell the readers about two halls of ancient embroidery in the Museum layout. Rushnyky from Middle and East Podniprovia, displayed in one of the halls, are in its majority the bearers of central plant motive. There one can find trees, flowers, birds. Each embroidered plant is not a naturalistic prototype but a sign of unique symbolic alphabet. It is the problem for scientists to read a book of folk symbolism. The authors of the exposition tried to find out explanation in the displays themselves - artifacts of traditional culture. Comparing the motives of Naddnipriansky rushnyky of XIX century, it is possible to follow the dynamics and directions of their changes and receive the information on the laws that rule those changes. We can speak about the existence of two design dialects. One of them was formed under the influence of imported linen and samples of church embroidery, another - indigenous. Rushnyk receives the status of the slogan of life. In all rites rushnyk "tree-flower" sounds as wish of flourishing and fructification, as a hope for germination and revival.

Copyright © 2004, "Folk Art" Ukraine
National Union of Folk Art Masters of Ukraine
Kiev, Ukraine

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