Folk Art of Ukraine

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Folk Art of Ukraine
FOLK ART OF UKRAINE
"Folk Art" Ukrainian magazine
Union of Folk Art Masters of Ukraine
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#11-12 (3-4).2000
pages 54-64

page 54
Vira Zaichenko

SAINT REVEREND ANTONIY AND FEODOSIY IN EMBROIDERY

The images of these founders of Kyiv-Pechersk Monastery occupy a noticeable place in embroidery art. The most widespread schemes with their figures are the Blessed Virgin Pecherska, the fellows painted on stoles and handrails as well as their half-figures on the near the Blessed Virgin Pokrovy. Each of these schemes is in the works of the Historical Museum named after V. Tarnavskyi collection. The greatest number of paintings of Saint Reverend is found in Ukrainian graphic arts of XVII - XVIII centuries. It was the source from which iconography came out to the image creative art. The art critic Vira Zaichenko makes a detailed analysis of the works from Chernihiv collection and makes the most significant conclusion: the Saint Reverend Antoniy and Feodosiy were remarkably respected figures. During nine or may be even ten centuries their images were in the focus of Ukrainian image creative art, strengthening the fame of the Monastery founded by them.



illustrations to be ready
page 58
Lidiya Korsun

ANCIENT AND MODERN

Creative searches and practice of the master from Chicago Anna Kulchytska. Lidiya Korsun (USA) narrates about this honourable member of the National Union of the Masters of Folk Art of Ukraine, the master of Ukrainian embroidery, modeller and collector of ancient Ukrainian clothes, the author of the "Design of Trypillia Culture and Ukrainian Embroidery of XX Century" popular scientific book. From the age of six Hanna Kit (maiden name) felt desire for embroidery. At the age of 16 she was brought to Germany for forceful labour. There she began sewing, modelling, embroidering. From 1953 she has been living in Chicago together with her husband. She became a skilful master, opened her own work-shop, where Ukrainian women worked on sewing of national Ukrainian clothes with embroidery. In 1974 the first author's exhibition of dresses from Kulchytska in Chicago was held. Since then - more than 30 exhibitions in the USA, Canada. But the most memorable took place in Lviv in 1994. The modeller revives a great number of clothes samples of the Kyiv Rus time. The master also revived 35 Ukrainian suits of XVII - XVIII centuries, a lot of cassocks. The activity of the master is systemized in the book mentioned above, that was issued in 1995.



illustrations to be ready
page 60
Ihor Poshyvailo

"PHENOMENOLOGY OF POTTERY"

This is the title of the book by a famous ethnologist, Candidate of Historical Sciences Ihor Poshyvailo, that was published in 2000. The author of the book tells our readers about the idea of writing such a book, thorough, adjusted, highly illustrated research work and the discoveries it led to. The author presents new from the qualitative point of view proofs of the forgotten truth, correlation between original myths and reality of everyday life, the depth of metaphysical knowledge of our descendants, the unity of the world and a person, community of cultures and deep symbolism of folk art. The evidence is clay, the unique material which magic qualities are caused by its vibrating characteristics and indices of inner activity. The mankind is on the threshold of new discoveries. Ukrainians possessing great spiritual potential should enlarge their ethnic and own conscience, develop cosmological way of thinking. "Phenomenology..." was planned by its author as a kind of introduction for new fundamental works, free from academic dogmatism and scientists stereotype narrow-mindedness.



illustrations to be ready
page 61
Ivan Sydoruk

WOODEN TOY

Ukrainian folk toy as a reflection of folk aesthetics, pedagogics and the attention of our people to children's behaviour has deep historical roots and ethnic peculiarities. The toys from long-lived materials, such as clay, stone, metal prevail in museum collection. In Polissia region, in particular in Volyn, the most popular material for toys was wood. According to their original the greatest number of toys is connected with traditional activity of the Polishchuks. But alongside one can find toys of cultural and religion direction, sound toys. The goal of Ivan Sydoruk, the author of the narration, is to attract attention of ethnologists, teachers of working education and others to the revival of the best achievements of folk aesthetics, pedagogics and trade. The author also presents the samples of such toys.



page 62
Mariya Lesiv

CHRISTMAS ATTRIBUTES OF POKUTSKYI REGION

CHRISTMAS ATTRIBUTES OF POKUTSKYI REGION from the point of view of traditions and forgetfulness. It was a tradition in Pokutskyi region to make spiders, hedgehogs - ancient attributes of Christmas - from straw. And when the first nightfall appears the master of the house brings a sheaf "Didukh", that was waiting its time in the garden from the period of harvest, to the festive table. Didukh is "kind spirit of our ancestors", "guardian of yield" and sometimes is a calendar of grain-grower. Then its four tier shape reflects four seasons of a year. The 31-st wheat spikelet (31 day of a month) is decorated with a wisp of the latest crop - oats -ears. The following wicker-work reflects weeks of a year and 7 days in a week. The student of Lviv Academy of Arts Mariya Lesiv gives other examples of Christmas attributes, that are considered to be symbols and guards of Ukrainians. The author feels sorry that nowadays elements of Western culture substitute these symbols. She wants to believe that in searching of something new we won't be lost in alien world.

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National Union of Folk Art Masters of Ukraine
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